The History of Furniture: Introduction

Studying history enables us to develop a better understanding of the world in which we live. Building knowledge and understanding of historical events and trends, especially over the past century, enables us to develop a much greater appreciation for current events today. You can’t build a framework on which to base your life without understanding how things work in the world. History paints us a detailed picture of how society, technology, things, and government worked way back when so that we can better understand how it works now. Right now, we are going to share with you the history of furniture. Without any further due let’s dive into it. 

Furniture design has been a part of the human experience since the beginning of history. Evidence of furniture survives from as far back as the Neolithic Period in the form of paintings and wall Murals discovered at Pompeii, in sculpture and examples have also been excavated in Egyptian Pyramids and found in tombs in Ghiordes (modern-day Turkey). These notes will track the main advancements, developments, styles, and materials in furniture design highlighting the identifying features of each period, the materials used, and show images of some of the most significant pieces of furniture ever designed. 


  • Neolithic Period
  • The Classical World – Ancient Egypt | Ancient Greek | Rome
  • Medieval
  • Renaissance
  • 17th & 18th Centuries – Colonial | Rococo | Revival
  • 19th Century – Art Nouveau | Bauhaus | Art Deco
  • Early North American
  • Modernism
  • Eco Design
  • Contemporary
  • Asian History
Furniture time period - The History of Furniture - Kaliuda Gallery Bali Blog

Furniture time period – The History of Furniture | Source:

Furniture as the movable equipment

Furniture is defined as the movable equipment that is created to make a person’s home or area more suitable and comfortable for living or working. Furniture can be used for storage, seating, or sleeping. The concept of furniture first developed as early as 3100-2500 B.C. The first items created for household use were made of stone, as wood was not readily available during the Neolithic time period. Dressers, cupboards, and beds were amongst the first forms of furniture. The dresser was said to be the most important piece of furniture in the beginning. As they faced the entrance of each house in Neolithic society and often displayed carved artwork of symbolic objects. 

Chair style - The History of Furniture - Kaliuda Gallery Bali Blog

Chair style – The History of Furniture | Source: Pinterest

Over the years, especially in modern years, the concept of functional furniture in households exploded while keeping the artwork aspect that was displayed in the Neolithic period. This has made way for pieces in our culture that are both functional to our everyday lives but also a form of artwork that is pleasant to look at. The basic design of most furniture has remained the same for the most part though material and stability have become stronger and longer-lasting with more of a focus on comfort and luxury in our modern lives.

Chairs have become designed as more than just a place to sit, but as a place to relax with items such as recliners and rocking features. Beds are designed to comfort us as we sleep instead of providing the mere basics to keep us from lying upon the ground. The design change in furniture, in a way, shows the evolution of our society from mere survival to lives of luxury and privilege.

Furniture timeline - The History of Furniture - Kaliuda Gallery Bali Blog

Furniture timeline – The History of Furniture | Source:

Given the article above, we collected the articles above based on some literacy which we summarized in such a way. We apologize if there is something wrong or missing. We are open to opinions that you can convey in the comments section below this article.

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